Located behind the pupil of each eye is a natural crystalline lens which allows light to pass and focus on the back surface of the eye. As we age the lens can become opaque. Over time, this opacity becomes denser and leads to progressively blurred or indistinct vision; a cloudy lens is called a cataract. This is a normal part of the aging process, but a patient who has a cataract in one or both eyes may experience increasing difficulty with reading, night driving, and other everyday activities. In some instances, a cataract may form as a result of trauma, but the effects of decreased visual acuity are the same. In order to improve one’s normal everyday functioning a patient will often elect to have their cataract surgically removed, and replaced with an intraocular lens implant.
During surgery, your doctor will replace the cloudy lens with a custom-made artificial lens implant. Implantation of an artificial lens is essential to achieving your maximal visual acuity. Prior to the procedure, your doctor will first evaluate your eyes and assist you in selecting the best implant for your needs. For example, astigmatic correction is available with a toric lens implant, and multifocal lens implants are designed to help reduce a patient’s dependence on glasses and/or contact lenses by correcting for both near and distance vision.
Unfortunately, once you have developed a cataract it does not go away over time or with the use of eye drops. To the contrary your cataract will naturally become more opaque over time, and your vision progressively more blurry. No two patients or cataracts are identical, and it is important that you discuss the options with one of our experienced ophthalmic surgeons. Come find out more about your lens choices during a cataract consultation at Vision NYC.